A Jesuit, Filipino, and Asian Ecclesiastical Faculty of Theology

Sunday, February 18, 2018
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The Theology and Ministry Program (LST) of the School of Humanities is pleased to announce the following course offerings in the Intersession, School Year 2017-2018 from June 7 to July 15, 2017 :
English Language
PREng 201/301 Expository Writing and Research Methods I
Ms. Rose Marie Regalia, M.B.A.
Tuesday and Thursday
8:00 am – 11:50 am
This course focuses on developing and refining skills in writing papers that students need in effectively expressing themselves as an academic writer. The course is organized into three parts in increasing complexity: Sentence Skills, Paragraphing, and Research. In strengthening students’ sentence skills, this unit includes reviewing grammar structures, sentence combinations, appropriate use of vocabulary and punctuation. Paragraphing is intended to refine students’ skills by employing the five patterns of expository writing (Comparison and Contrast, Process, Clarification, Cause and Effect, and Definition) with a higher level concentration on Theology and subjects with social relevance. Finally, research writing empowers students to further develop their skills by creating their own report research paper. Throughout the course, an environment of writing as a process will be adopted to create a clear, engaging and meaningful work.
Systematic Theology
Engaging in Dialogue with Indigenous Cultures and Spirituality
Theo 249  The Catholic Church and Other Religions (STB-MA)
Theo 304.1 Faith and Culture (STL, STD, DMin, PhD)
Fr. Jojo Fung, S.J., Ph.D.
Offsite Course from June 12-26, 2017
Maximum: 10 students
This course is known in the Jesuit Conference of Asia Pacific as ACOTEP or Asia Pacific Contextual Theology for Engagement Program. It is an offsite course with the goal of encouraging our graduate students to live and learn within the context of the marginal communities of the Aeta communities in Pampanga. The 13 days of everyday interaction in the Aeta village facilitates the imbibing of their mystical cosmology that their homeland is spirited by the Creator, ancestral and nature spirits. Therefore the ancestral land is a sacred space of the community and a gift of God. Furthermore the students will learn about ‘doing Asian contextual theology’ by using the spiral method that begins with the lived-experience which leads to the prayerful critical analysis and the discerning theological reflection in the light of the Bible, the Catholic and papal social teachings, especially the Encyclical Letter Laudato Si’ of Pope Francis. This spiral process will culminate in the silent retreat that enables them to pray and make a personal commitment to the Crucified and Risen Lord to defend the sacred legacy of the marginal indigenous communities.
Mechanics of the Course:
The participants will depart for Pampanga on June 12 for a 3-night immersion in villages of indigenous peoples where they will engage in the village rituals and participate in informal conversations with the village leaders (elders, healers and shamans, youth who are on scholarship in high schools). Upon their return to the main village, in the next 12 days, the participants will do a prayerful critical analysis and then undergo the process of discernment and theological reflection using Scripture and Catholic/Papal Social Teachings. In the 1½ day retreat, the participants will pray toward a personal commitment to God to embody 2-3 doable strategies after the ACOTEP. Departure for Manila will be on June 25.
The participants will submit their STB-MA (15 pages), STL (20 pages), STD or PhD (25 pages) papers 2 weeks after ACOTEP to earn their 3 credits for the course.
Theo 358 Theology of Eucharist
Michael D. H. Asis, Ph.D.
Tuesday and Thursday
3:00 pm – 7:00 pm
STL, STD, DMin, and PhD only
LS Theology Department
The course offers a theology of Eucharist by critically examining some historical-theological developments pertaining to the sacrament (New Testament, Patristic and Medieval theologies, Trent, Vatican II), official Church catechisms (CCC & CFC), and contemporary liturgical-sacramental theologies. This course is open to licentiate (STL) and doctoral students (DMin, PhD, STD) only.
Spirituality, Psycho-Spiritual Formation and Retreat Direction
Everything You’ve Always Wanted To Know About The Saints, Their Cult, Their Lives
Theo 278.3 The Classics of Western Spirituality (STB-MA)
Theo 338.2 Hagiography and the Construction of Sanctity: (STL, STD, DMin, PhD)
Fr. Robert Godding, S.J., Ph.D.
Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday
8:00 am – 11:50 am
June 19 to July 15
What is that historical science called hagiography? How it all began: the martyrs and their cult; the relics and their veneration; their tombs as sacred places; how the cult of the Roman martyrs evolved through the centuries.  The texts relating to martyrs: acts and passions. The conditions for being recognized as a martyr yesterday, today and tomorrow. Some boring but trustworthy historical sources: calendars and martyrologies. The lives of the saints.  Some famous lives from the early Christian centuries.  How can we trust the Lives of the Saints?  Some elements of historical criticism. The edition and transmission of the lives of the saints.  Hagiographic manuscripts.  The Golden Legend.  An institution dedicated to the study of the lives of the saints: The Bollandists. How to be recognized as a saint yesterday, today and tomorrow. Beatification and Canonization.  Are miracles really needed to be recognized as a saint?
Formation for Formators Series
of the Emmaus Center for Psycho-Spiritual Formation
Ingeborg del Rosario, D.Min. and the Emmaus Center
The following courses on religious formation are offered by LST in cooperation with the Emmaus Center for Psycho-Spiritual Formation. Contact the Emmaus Center for information on fees to attend the module. Standard LST audit or credit tuition fees also apply. Tel: 928-6040, 426-6001 local 4875; This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it
Theo 283.1/Theo 395.1 Fundamentals of Human and Christian Formation
July 17-21, 24-28, 2017
8:30 am – 4:30 pm
***Not open to PhD students
This course presents the essential perspectives on how to understand human and Christian formation in the contemporary context. Input and discussions focus on the following topics: framework of human formation, formation in the Christian tradition, theories of human formation and development, the psycho-spiritual integration process, perspectives on change and transformation, and perspectives on formative spirituality. Exposure to formative processes like self-awareness exercises, counseling, spiritual direction, and discernment is also part of the course.
Theo 283.5/Theo 395.5 Formative Processing Skills
May 22-26, 29-31, 2017
8:30 am – 4:30 pm
***Not open to PhD students
“Formative processing” is a means of deepened reflection wherein an individual in the context of formation is helped to arrive at an expanded perspective, greater understanding, acceptance and owning of a significant personal experience. This is a skills-training course divided into two parts. Part 1 will offer inputs to teach and refine various skills pertinent to effective formative processing. Part 2 will give participants the opportunity to practice and have their processing skills critiqued and assessed.
Spirituality and Retreat Direction
Summer Modules of the Center for Ignatian Spirituality
Fr. Victor Baltazar, S.J., S.T.L. and the CIS Staff
***Not open to STD and PhD students
STB, MA and STL students who complete the Summer Modules of the Center for Ignatian Spirituality (CIS) listed below can earn credits for them if enrolled at LST during the Intersession Term. Standard LST tuition fee rates apply. Students must present to the Vice President for Academic Affairs a certificate or proof of attendance, signed by the CIS Director who prescribes the requirements for the credit course in terms of book reports, research papers, etc. For more information, contact the CIS:   This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it ;  Tel. 426-4250 to 51.
Theo 282.1/394.1 Foundations for Directed Retreat and Spiritual Direction
Foundational to the ministry of retreat-giving and spiritual direction is a deep experience of God’s love and the experience of accompaniment that helps one to notice, relish and respond to God’s person and action in oneself and one’s world. Hence, every applicant to our Directors’ formation modules are required to go through an individually-directed retreat preferably guided by a CIS-formed director. Course requirements: reflection papers, book reports, and others, to be assigned at the discretion of the Director of the Center forIgnatian Spirituality.
This course is designed for those who desire to experience an individually-directed retreat in preparation for training and formation for the ministry of accompaniment. This will also benefit lay, religious, and clergy leaders in the ministry of accompaniment who proceed from different spiritualities and who wish to immerse themselves into the wellspring of Ignatian traditions of prayer and retreat-giving and spiritual direction. The CIS staff may recommend waiving this Module as a prerequisite to Module 2 for participants who have recently gone through an 8-day or longer individually directed Ignatian retreat and present evidence in the interview that they already possess some equivalent of the module course objectives for Module 1 as described below. As we need to ensure a common foundational experience of prayer and accompaniment, the CIS staff members reserve the right to recommend that an applicant go through Module 1 if they deem it more helpful for both the would-be participant and the class he or she will join.
Module 1A Prayer Workshop: Basic Orientation to Christian and Ignatian Prayer
By the end of the module, participants will be able to:
1. gain an experiential knowledge of Ignatian prayer that is affective, listening and relational.
2. gain an experiential knowledge and interior relish of a very personal God who engages one in an ongoing relationship in life and ministry.
3. gain an experiential knowledge of Christian and Ignatian prayer, articulate their core principles and list their requisite dispositions and skills.
Topics to be covered are Listening to God in Prayer; Praying over My Spiritual Autobiography; Exploring My Ways of Imaging God; Exploring Various Methods of Prayer; Lectio divina; Consciousness Examen; Meditation; The Structure of Ignatian Prayer; Ignatian Contemplation; Other Prayer Methods.
Module 1B A Closed Individually Directed Retreat
By the end of the module, participants will be able to:
1. gain experience of directed prayer, and by this exhibit greater sensitivity to interior movements akin toIgnatian retreats, be attentive to these movements and respond to them accordingly, welcoming and nurturing those that originate from God or the good spirit, and rejecting those that deflect movement towards God.
2. describe and discuss the dimensions and dynamics of a person’s relationship with God, and identify ways of fostering, confirming such dynamics.
3. reflect and discuss one’s experience of being accompanied in directed prayer and articulate director behaviors that helped or hindered in bringing forward his or her prayer process.
Theo 282.2/394.2 Fundamentals of Directed Retreat-Giving and Spiritual Direction
This second module of the Formation Course formally introduces participants to the ministry of retreat-giving and spiritual direction as a ministry practiced with the intent of animating individuals, communities or even whole institutions or societies. The participants are guided through conferences, case studies, real case spiritual direction demonstrations and workshops aimed at providing basic knowledge, skills and dispositions on spiritual direction and retreat-giving whether in individually-directed retreat formats or conference retreat formats.  The course is also offered on a staggered basis (12 Saturdays during the regular school year) under the name, “Study Circle on Spiritual Direction and Ignatian Retreat-Giving.” Pre-requisite: Foundations for Directed Retreat. Course requirements: reflection papers, book reports, and others, to be assigned at the discretion of the Director of the Center for Ignatian Spirituality.
Module 2 is subdivided into two live-out modules that seek to build competencies more gradually. Module2a is a 4-day live-out program designed to form and train prayer guides. Module 2b is an 8-day live-out program designed to form and train spiritual directors and retreat guides. Module 2a is a prerequisite for Module 2b. Participants may however postpone moving to Module 2b should they choose to gain some amount of experience in guiding prayer groups before they begin guiding Ignatian retreats whether the individually-directed or conference retreat format.
Module 2A Formation for Prayer Guides
By the end of the course, participants will be able to:
1. reflect on the general outlines of the life of Ignatius as a paradigm for spiritual maturing and a way of understanding the dynamics of the Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius.
2. articulate and discuss the meaning of religious experience and share how their experience of prayer and of receiving spiritual direction (whether as an individual or in a group), help foster religious experience.
3. gain a working knowledge of the theological and pastoral principles behind creating good Sacred Spaces and Communal liturgies.
4. discuss Ignatian Discernment in general and the Rules of Discernment of Spirits in particular and apply these in directing particular cases.
5. gain a conceptual map of basic helper skills and be able to practice them in the context of spiritual conversation in small groups.
6. gain a working knowledge of group dynamics and skills and dispositions involved in good facilitation of groups.
Topics to be covered are: Life of Ignatius and the Dynamics of the Spiritual Exercises; Introduction to Religious Experience; Sacred Space and Communal Liturgies; Ignatian Discernment: Input and Cases; Basic Helper Skills I: Exercises and Cases; Group Facilitation and Spiritual Conversation in Small Groups.
Module 2B Formation for Ignatian Retreat-Giving and Spiritual Direction
By the end of the module, participants will be able to:
1. explain the theological underpinnings and dynamics of spiritual direction and Ignatian retreat giving, following a contemplative-evocative approach.
2. reflect on and practice giving spiritual direction via the real play demo and the practicum exercises.
3. explore and practice the more advanced helper skills of spiritual direction—probing, exploring, paraphrasing, magnifying, amplifying.
4. explore more deeply retreat client profiles applying various human developmental theories which impact on the development of faith and spirituality in persons.
5. discuss ethical concerns in the practice of ministry, especially those that apply to retreat-giving and spiritual direction.
6. appreciate the role and dynamics of supervision of spiritual directors and retreat guides.
7. have a conceptual map of ways of interpreting and employing Sacred Scriptures for Spiritual Exercises according to St. Ignatius.
Topics to be covered are: Spiritual Direction Real Play Demo; The Person of the Directee I: Psychosocial and Psychosexual Human Developmental Issues; The Person of the Directee II: Moral and Faith Human Developmental Issues; Exploring Blocks and Resistances to Deepening Religious Experience; Basic Helper’s Skills II: Exercises and Cases; Guided Practicum on Giving Spiritual Direction; Supervision of Spiritual Directors and Guides; Ethical Standards in Ministry; The Use of Sacred Scriptures in the Spiritual Exercises; Presentation and Critique of proposals for retreat prayer points.
Theo 282.3/394.3 Supervised Retreat-Giving Experience
Module 3
This Module 3 provides occasions for supervised retreat-giving experiences, focusing on a practicum experience for individually-directed retreats. Participants are guided through a review and deepening of the learning of Module 2 and then initiated into directing 1-3 retreatants making 4-day individually-directed retreats, while receiving one-on-one supervision with our Center staff or associates. After the practicum, participants gather together for appropriation sessions on retreat-giving. Only those who satisfactorily completed Module 2 qualify for this third module. Pre-requisites: Foundations for Directed Retreat and Fundamentals of Directed Retreat-Giving. Course requirements: reflection papers, book reports, and others, to be assigned at the discretion of the Director of the Center for Ignatian Spirituality.
By the end of the module, participants will be able to:
1. guide 1-2 persons through a 4-5-day silent, Individually-directed retreat.
2. list important elements and dynamics in a retreat process and use these in designing retreat game plans for an individually-directed retreat of specific individuals.
3. exhibit basic familiarity with the inner dynamics of Scriptural texts which mirror particular spiritual dynamics common in short retreats.
4. notice and record in a supervision verbatim, particular interior movements and concerns that s/he experiences while accompanying his/her retreatant(s).
5. appreciate the value of supervision sessions in noticing and exploring how God visits upon him or her during spiritual direction or retreat individual conferences.
Theo 282.4/394.4 Giving the Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius
Module 4
Module 4 provides an opportunity for participants to acquire a working knowledge of the specific parts and texts of the Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius. Recollection-workshops are designed around these Weeks to help initiate people into giving different forms of Exercises. The process seeks to guide participants through conferences, reflective reading, personal and common prayer, faith sharing and spiritual direction, whether one-on-one or in groups. Prerequisites: Theo 282.1/394.1 (Foundations for Directed Retreat), Theo 282.2/394.2 (Fundamentals of Directed Retreat-Giving) and Theo 282.3/394.3 (Supervised Retreat-Giving Experience). Course requirements: reflection papers, book reports, and others, to be assigned at the discretion of the Director of the Center for Ignatian Spirituality.
Module 4A which focuses on the Introductory Annotations and First Week is open to all who have finished Module 3 and are ready to receive further content on the Exercises to substantiate their retreat design proposals. After finishing 4A those who train with us may immediately proceed to Module 5 which is a Supervised Retreat-Giving module for Semi-Directed and Conference Retreats.
Modules 4B and 4D explore the 2nd Week and 3rd/4th Weeks of the Exercises respectively, while 4Ctackles the Dynamics of Ignatian Discernment and Election. Modules 4B and 4D require applicants to have experienced the full exercises, whether in the Thirty-day format or the 19th annotation Retreat in Daily Life format and have finished Modules 1-4A. Module 4C which tackles Ignatian Discernment and Election is a stand alone program and is ideal for those guiding the discernment of people engaged in a serious process of decision-making or spiritual conversion or deepening—formators, vocation directors, superiors, ministry leaders, seminary rectors, and leaders in lay communities, etc.
Module 4A “Coming Home to our Fundamentum”: 
Exploring the Exercises of the First Week
As an exercitant enters the Spiritual Exercises, St. Ignatius guides her into praying over the fact of hercreaturehood, and on her creaturely existence as founded on God. This process initiates the exercitant into a foundational experience of love and brings her to come home to God who continues to offer his children healing, mercy, conversion and a call to service. This 8-day recollection-workshop is designed to help participants to gain a conceptual map of and an insight into the dynamics of the First Week of the Spiritual Exercises. The process seeks to guide participants through conferences, reflective reading, personal and common prayer, faith sharing and spiritual direction, whether one-on-one or in groups.  This offering of Module 4A should help beginning directors make sense of the dynamics behind the Exercises of the First Week — creaturehood, evil and sin, and most importantly the experience of being rooted and grounded in God’s unconditional love. We invite our participants to go through the prayers of the First Week, engage each other in spiritual direction, and receive instruction in basic Scripture and Psychology as they tread aspects of the the First Week journey of the Exercises alongside fellow pilgrims and guides.
By the end of the module, participants will be able to:
1. gain a beginner’s conceptual map of the themes and dynamics of the First Week of the Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius of Loyola, including the first twenty-three annotations.
2. explore Scriptural themes, moral and psychological topics related to the major themes of the First Week of the Ignatian Exercises.
3. discuss director-directee dynamics at this stage of the Exercises.
4. propose topic outlines, adaptations and retreat designs using First Week themes or dynamics.
Topics to be covered are: The Foundational Experience of Love and Mercy - Ignatius’ and Ours; The Structure and Dynamics of the Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius; The First Week in the Context of the Full Exercises; Exploring the Great Themes of the First Week: Creaturehood, Active Indifference, Magis, Sin, Mercy and Healing; The Rules for Discernment of Spirits for the First Week; Psychological Dynamics Related to the First Week Experience; Scriptures and the First Week; Spiritual Direction while praying on the First Week; Designing and delivering semi-directed retreats based on the First Week.
Module 4BCD  “In Companionship and Communion with Christ in Mission”:
Exploring Exercises of the Second, Third and Fourth Weeks
After an exercitant receives the grace of the First Week and feels that s/he has come home to a real experience of God’s love and mercy, some sense a surplus of generosity to respond to God’s call withmagis or “the more,” and asks the Lord with a great sense of gratitude, “What return can I make for all the goodness of the Lord?” And to this the Father seems to respond to us, “You want to make a response: look at my Son and follow him.” Hence for the new disciple, the Second, Third and Fourth Weeks are Ignatius’ way of accompanying the exercitant in a genuine discernment of life direction and mission. The Second Week is a time of intimate knowledge and walking with the Lord through infancy and public ministry. The Third and Fourth Weeks are a time of entering into profound communion with Jesus as the Lord embraces his cross and death and rises into new life. Through these weeks the exercitant is guided through his or her personal discernment. As with Module 4A, this module is a recollection-workshop where participants will be asked to pray particular themes of the Spiritual Exercises of the Second, Third and Fourth Weeks. They will go through the prayers, bring the fruits of the prayer to communal spiritual direction and receive instruction on related theological and psychological topics such as Ignatian Contemplation, Christology, Theology of Redemption, Discernment and Election. Cases will be taken which help participants gain some familiarity with Scripture texts that relate to the mysteries of the life of Christ.
By the end of the module, participants will be able to:
1. gain a beginner’s conceptual map of the themes and dynamics of the Second, Third and Fourth Weeks of the Spiritual Exercises of St. Ignatius of Loyola.
2. see the Dynamics of Discernment Underlying the Great Ignatian Meditations and the Rules for the Discernment of Spirits pertaining to the Second Week as well as the annotations on Election.
3. explore Scriptural themes, theological and psychological topics related to the major themes of the Advanced Exercises.
4. deepen in their understanding and appreciation for the dynamics of Ignatian Contemplation.
5. discuss cases on Discernment, especially of exercitants experiencing false consolation, as well as those going through election.
6. propose topic outlines, adaptations and retreat designs using Second, Third and Fourth Week themes or dynamics.
Topics to be covered are: Theory and Dynamics of Ignatian Contemplation; The Structure and Dynamics of the Exercises of the Second, Third and Fourth Week
Module 5 Supervised Retreat-Giving 2: Conference and Semi-Directed Retreats
Since St. Ignatius began giving the Exercises in his lifetime, he already paid particular attention to dispositions, capacities and readiness of people who desire to make the full Exercises. In many cases, Ignatius brought people through what he called ejercicios leves or light exercises which were meant to focus and intensify desire for God, gain interior knowledge of foundational religious truths and prepare the directee for self-awareness and deeper contemplative prayers. 
In our time, these adapted forms of the Exercises have taken the form of week-end retreats, 5-day retreats, or even 8-day retreats whose prayer matter revolved around basic catechetical themes or First Week themes that lead retreatants to explore the import of the Principle and Foundation in their life. Adapted exercises can also come in the form of theme retreats that address particular needs of retreatant groups. Centers for Spirituality worldwide have offered a rich and diverse menu of theme retreats with great flexibility and freedom, e.g. “Day-Off with Jesus” for day wage-earners, “Life Direction Discernment” Retreats for seniors, “Grieving with Mary” retreat for widows, “Healing Retreats” for the terminally ill or for their caregivers, “Conversations with Job” for social development workers, “Come Away to a Wayside Place” for active parish ministers, etc. 
Module 5 of the Guides’ Formation series is a second Supervised Retreat-Giving experience which focuses on designing and giving conference or semi-directed retreats. After exploring the history of adapted exercises in the Ignatian tradition and getting a sound grasp of the conversion cycle and the Ignatian pedagogical paradigm, participants will be walked through the planning, execution and evaluation of actual conference retreats for actual retreat groups.
By the end of Module 5, the participants will be able to:
1. identify key pastoral concerns that gave rise to adapted Exercises in the Ignatian tradition;
2. highlight strengths and weaknesses of preached retreats and identify contexts in which they are appropriate and most helpful;
3. appreciate conference and semi-directed retreats as retreat formats that may help recover opportunities for fostering and tracking religious experience in retreatants as are possible in individually directed retreats;
4. prayerfully explore material from the profile of requesting retreatants or retreat groups and draw information from these that help build a retreat game plan;
5. design a retreat game plan for a particular group that includes conferences, prayer exercises, proposed scripture texts, grace petitions, prayer points and communal prayer;
6. implement a planned recollection to their assigned group and receive feedback from their retreatants, colleagues and supervising staff.
Topics to be covered are: History and Dynamics of a Semi-Directed Retreat Ignatian Dynamics and Pedagogy; Review of Developmental Perspectives and Cultural Context; Group Process, Facilitation, and Models of Group Spiritual Direction; Sacred Space and Communal Liturgies; Ethical Considerations & Supervision; Designing, and critique of recollection designs and supervised delivery of a semi-directed or conference retreat with an actual retreat group.
Modules 3 and 4A are pre-requisites for Module 5.
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