Philo 208


Fr. Albert Alejo, S.J., Ph.D.

What makes something right or wrong, and why should we care? Are ethical values universal, or do they differ according to time and place? How can we understand those who have different ways of making moral decisions? How does one live a virtuous life? This course aims to shed light on these questions in light of the debates and dialogues within philosophical ethics. It is designed to help students appreciate and challenge the merits of the major moral theories like the ethics of divine command, natural moral law, moral relativism, utilitarianism, virtue ethics and ethics of rights and duties. In the process, students can enhance their confidence in critical thinking, which includes the humility of critiquing one’s own moral presuppositions—skills to prepare students to face the challenges of doing theology and pastoral ministry.

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Loyola School of Theology